New compression algorithm parameter in datapump utility for 12c : COMPRESSION_ALGORITHM

A new “compression algorithm” parameter has been introduced in 12c release for export datapump utility, the parameter is: COMPRESSION_ALGORITHM .

There are three modes for this new compression: basic, low, medium, high

The default mode is “basic”.

** Here i am going to explore exporting the same schema in 3  different ways for testing purpose from a 12c database:

Exporting the schema using datapump command with “no compression”:

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/expdp “‘/as sysdba ‘”  DIRECTORY=DUMP_DIR  SCHEMAS=TEST_SCHEMA DUMPFILE=DUMP_NO_COMPRESSION.dmp  logfile=DUMP_NO_COMPRESSION_EXP.log logtime=all

Exporting the schema using datapump command using the new compression parameter in “HIGHT” mode:

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/expdp “‘/as sysdba ‘”  DIRECTORY= DUMP_DIR  SCHEMAS= TEST_SCHEMA DUMPFILE=DUMP_HIGHT_COMPRESSION.dmp COMPRESSION=ALL COMPRESSION_ALGORITHM=HIGH logfile=DUMP_HIGH_COMPRESSION_EXP.log logtime=all

Exportng the schema using datapump command using the new compression parameter in “MEDUIM” mode:

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/expdp “‘/as sysdba ‘”  DIRECTORY= DUMP_DIR  SCHEMAS= TEST_SCHEMA DUMPFILE=DUMP_MEDIUM_COMPRESSION.dmp COMPRESSION=ALL COMPRESSION_ALGORITHM=MEDIUM logfile=DUMP_MEDIUM_COMPRESSION_EXP.log logtime=all

The conclusion is the following:

  • Dump file generated with “no compression” size for the schema was around 13.41 GB
  • Dump file generated using the “high compression” size was around 6.88 GB
  • Dump file generated using “medium compression” size was around 7.31 GB

Important remark: the normal export took around 7 minutes to finish however the highly compressed export process took around 1 hour !!!

While using medium compression algorithm it took 16 minutes.

This was performed on IBM AIX environment for Oracle 12.1.0.2, of course the “server resources” is a factor while performing compression in addition to the “data types” of the schema exported is another factor to be considered.

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